Cities between sprawl and compaction

Chair: Tomasz Kaczmarek (
Co-chair: Łukasz Mikuła (

Short Description:
In most countries of the world the 20th century was a period of strong development of the phenomenon of suburbanization conditioned mainly by modernization: economic - resulting in an increase in the wealth of society, technical - expressed in the dissemination of increasingly better means of transport, and as a result, social - associated with a change in aspirations, mainly of the middle class, to change housing environment. In 21st century contemporary challenges of urbanization are moving towards the implementation of the concept of a compact city, also known as a city of short distances. This model of city development assumes the compaction of, generally uncontrolled, urban sprawl;, support for urban regeneration and revitalization of deprived areas, as well as priority for public transport, cycling and walking while limiting car traffic. The compact city model was recognized in the European Spatial Development Perspective as being in line with the principles of sustainable development. The purpose of the session is to present current problems of urban sprawl and show good examples of counteracting this process through planning, institutional, economic and social instruments and activities.
Topics of papers:
1 / Main drivers of urban sprawl
2 / Spatial, economic, social, ecological effects of urban sprawl
3 / Formal and informal planning instruments for limiting urban sprawl
4 / Public awareness of urban sprawl and social movements for compact and livable cities
5/ Examples of compact cities and estates – innovative urban and technological solutions